Red-Eyed Tree Frog

Scientific Name:
Agalychnis calidryas

Geographical Range:
Neotropical rainforests of Central America.

Diet:
Carnivores, eating any other animal that will fit in it’s mouth including other frogs.

Size:
Can grow no more than 7.6 cm.

Interesting Fact:
The bright markings on the sides and limbs of this frog function to confuse predators, giving the frog time to jump away and hide.

Emperor Newt

Scientific Name:
Tylototriton shanjing

Geographical Range:
China, inhabiting moist woodlands near slow moving bodies of water

Diet:
Worms, crickets and catepillars.

Size:
They can reach up to 20 cm.

Why are they called “Emperor” Newts?
These newts have large ridges along the top of their heads that resemble a crown.

Red-Legged Running Frog

Scientific Name:
Kassina maculata

Geographical Range:
East and South Africa.

Diet:
Carnivores, actively hunt various kinds of small invertebrates, including flies, beetles, crickets and spiders.

Size:
Can grow up to 7 cm.

Interesting Fact:
Most frogs get around by hopping or jumping, but not the running frogs, they run or walk along the forest floor.

White’s Tree Frog

Scientific Name:
Litoria caerulea

Geographical Range:
Australia and New Guinea

Diet:
Carnivores, consuming flies, crickets, worms, caterpillars and cockroaches.

Size:
They can reach up 10 cm.

Interesting Fact:
Whites Tree Frogs can change their colour from bright green to brown depending on their mood, temperature and surrounding environment.

Tiger Salamander

Scientific Name:
Ambystoma tigrinum

Geographical Range:
A wide range extending nearly coast to coast in North America.

Diet:
Crickets, earthworms, and wax worms.

Size:
Their bodies can grow to an average of about 18 cm long.

How do Tiger Salamanders resist periods of drought?
They are able to reside below ground. During the summer months they hide below ground in abandoned mammal burrows or in other hollows in rotting logs.

Fire Salamander

Scientific Name:
Salamandra salamandra

Geographical Range:
Western, Central, and Southern Europe, North-Western Africa, and South-Western Asia.

Diet:
Carnivorous eating live insects, earthworms, spiders and slugs.

Size:
Can grow an average of 19-25 cm long.

How do Fire Salamanders protect themselves against predators?
They have special pores on their back which make a venom (called salamandrin) strong enough to kill small animals!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Scientific Name:
Bombina orientalis

Geographical Range:
Southern and Southeast Asia

Diet:
Carnivores, consuming crickets and any other live insects.

Size:
These are relatively small, usually about 20 cm long as adults.

Why do fire belly toads have a bright red belly?
This red belly is used as a scare tactic. When in danger, the toad flashes it’s brightly coloured belly to an unsuspecting predator, scaring it away.

Cane Toad

Scientific Name:
Bufo marinus

Geographical Range:
Southern United States, Tropical South America, Australia.

Diet:
Mostly live insects, sometimes frogs, snails and snakes.

Size:
Adults can grow up to 10 – 15 cm.

Interesting Fact:
Cane toads secrete a venomous toxin from paratoid glands (behind their shoulders) that is deadly to dogs and other animals that put them in their mouths.

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